CTF Correction in EMAN2
CTF correction in EMAN2 is performed on boxed out particles. There is a theory section discussing how this works in detail. In general, you box out particles with a fairly liberal box size (about 1.5 - 2x the smallest possible box that would fit your particle). The central part of each box (the particle) contains signal + noise, the edge of the box contains just background noise. Separating these two regions permits an accurate estimate of the spectral signal to noise ratio of the particles in each image, and also permits accurate assessment of the defocus and other CTF paramters. This SSNR is an integral part of later CTF correction procedures, and can ONLY be computed from particles, not entire micrographs. While the core CTF infrastructure could in principle be used to simply phase-flip a whole micrograph, none of the existing user-level programs support this operation. The reconstruction framework is incompatible with the idea of doing whole micrograph CTF correction.
Normally this program would be used through the e2workflow.py interface. You can call it manually, from the command-line as well, of course.
e2ctf.py is generally used in 3 stages
e2ctf.py 1.img --voltage=200 --apix=2 --cs=3.2 --autofit
This runs auto CTF parameter determination, storing the result in a local database.
Manual (GUI) parameter check
e2ctf.py 1.img --gui
Now that you have determined the parameters with the first command, have a look at the results in the interface. Tweak if necessary. Save any changes you make with the Save Parms button
e2ctf.py 1.img --phaseflip --wiener
Finally generate output. The output will be in the particles directory.
Processing multiple images simultaneously
e2ctf takes multiple images as input, so you can use commands like this:
e2ctf.py *.hdf --voltage=200 --apix=2 --cs=3.2 --autofit e2ctf.py *.hdf --gui e2ctf.py *.hdf --phaseflip --wiener
Combining stages into a single command
You can combine more than one of the e2ctf processing stages into a single command. For instance you can run automated fitting and open the GUI with a single command like this:
e2ctf.py 1.img --voltage=200 --apix=2 --cs=3.2 --autofit --gui e2ctf.py *.img --voltage=200 --apix=2 --cs=3.2 --autofit --gui